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Common Carrier Ruled Liable for Off-Duty Crew Member Assault

A federal appeals court has ruled that an off-duty crew member of a cruise line was acting within his scope of employment when he raped a passenger who had gone ashore. The court also determined that the cruise line, as a common carrier, is liable for crew member assaults on passengers. (Jane Doe v. Celebrity Cruises, Inc., U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, No. 03-15321, 2004).