Welcome to the 34th edition of Eurodynamics! The ASIS International European Bureau would like to encourage you to submit any updates or articles you wish to share with the ASIS International members in Europe!
Copy deadlines for the next issues have been fixed at the third Monday of every month. The deadline for the next issue is 18 June 2007.
| Jan Hitzert Named Lifetime CPP
Jan Hitzert (R) was surprised, proud, humbled, excited, amazed and many more emotions to be the recipient of the Lifetime CPP presented to him by ASIS Board Member Eduard Emde (L) at the Benelux Chapter meeting in Amsterdam on 10 May 2007.
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Eurowatch: EU Backs Sky Marshals Idea
The European Parliament has given the green light to the idea of having armed sky marshals on flights across the 27-nation bloc, but said they must operate under strict conditions.
According to the report on common rules for civil aviation security – adopted by MEPs on Wednesday 25 April – no country would be obliged to accept in-flight security officers, unless "the competent national security authorities consider it necessary".
The country of departure, arrival and any countries over which the plane flies or where intermediate stops are made will have to grant its approval to the use of sky marshals.
MEPs also require special officers - which emerged as a possible way of preventing hijackings after the 9/11 attacks on the US - to be well-trained and to have specific authorisation to carry weapons.
Arms "shall not be carried on board an aircraft, unless the required security conditions have been fulfilled, and authorisation has been given by the state granting the operating licence to the air carrier concerned", the report drafted by Italian liberal MEP Paolo Costa says.
Other security measures
Limitations in use were also laid down by the parliament when it comes to such security measures as banning liquids on board, introduced last November in response to the foiled plot to blow up US-bound airliners using liquid explosives smuggled aboard in the UK.
Such measures should expire after six months, unless "a thorough re-evaluation of the security risks and a thorough evaluation of costs and operational impact associated with those measures" means they are unavoidable.
According to MEPs, all the costs of security measures should be met by passengers and EU capitals, but if a member state wants to impose still more stringent measures, it will have to cover the whole cost.
"This is a reasonable approach, taking into account the protection of airline customers', the industry's and the member states' interests", Mr Costa said.
Now, the parliament and EU governments will have to thrash out their differences over several key points in the regulation, such as who should carry the financial burden for security measures, in a process known as conciliation.
The conciliation committee will bring together negotiators from the parliament, the council and the commissioner in charge of transport, aimed at striking an overall balance between all three institutions.
The committee has six to eight weeks to reach the final wording for a "joint text", after negotiations are launched.
Once that is done, the regulation is expected to come into force in 2009, except common security standards, such as methods of screening and banned items, which are to apply immediately from the date of entry into force, at the end of 2007.
| European Working Group on Standards and Guidelines
Senior Manager, Chief Security Office
Lloyds TSB Bank Plc.
At some point during our professional working life we have no doubt run up against the dreaded “standard”. How often have we then looked to the skies as we try to understand the rationale behind these documents and more importantly how on earth it is to be used – especially as there are times one wonders whether any end user has been involved in its development to assure practical application?
I have certainly felt this frustration. Consequently when attending the 2006 European Security conference in Nice I was one of the first to offer my services to an initiative instigated by Roger Warwick to seek ASIS involvement in the development of standards documents.
What I did not appreciate at the time was the scale of the task before us and the opportunity that was to be presented to us to directly contribute to the development of activities that will impact a far wider international audience.
My original expectation was very much around providing input to ensure that an end user perspective was captured in any new or revised standard.
The type of standard I perceived influencing were specifications such as alarm / CCTV and /or physical criteria. All very much practitioner based activities that would support my argument when seeking internal executive support to deploy effective security (and not go for the cheapest option!).
Furthermore I saw it would provide an opportunity to develop and integrate the views of other ASIS members which could then be collated and fed into the process.
From the initial meeting in Nice and subsequent telephone conferences a quorum of three was established. Roger Warwick who resides in Italy and has led this campaign would seek to influence the Italian Organisation for National Standards (UNI) and provide the focal point for liaison with ASIS International as a whole. Likewise Stephen Payne who is based in Geneva would coordinate activity with the Swiss Association for Standardisation (SNV), whilst I would liaise with BSI to provide the feeds into British standards.
The positive response from these bodies together with CEN and ISO has subsequently identified opportunities for ASIS to provide an international voice and perspective of security professional to national, regional, and international standards development.
Roger Warwick’s initiative and progress to date was the subject of a seminar at the 2007 European Security Conference in Berlin. This together with aligned discussions has set into motion exciting changes at ASIS. A global shift is taking place at ASIS, with standards development becoming an international initiative with ASIS guidelines aligned with the standards initiative. ASIS has applied for and received liaison status with the ISO technical committee, ISO/TC 223: Societal Security that will be developing security related standards.
Since the introduction of the ISO 9001 Quality Management System Standard there has been international recognition of the utility of management system standards and approaches. Worldwide organisations both public and private have become aware that in order to maintain resilience, competitiveness and performance they need to engage a system that manage their risks.
To support these objectives two work streams are underway which will provide direction on activities to enable business to understand and address the array of hazards and risks that they face.
One is an international effort in the final stages of development before becoming an ISO / PAS (publicly available specification). The ISO/TC 223’s Societal Security: Guidelines for incident preparedness and operational continuity management provides a system for preparing for and responding to disruptive incidents.
The second is the development of the world’s first security and operational continuity management system that will allow third party auditing and certification. This latter specification standard will seek to address an all hazards- all risks approach to security, incident preparedness and operational / business continuity using similar systems methodology to the ISO 9001 (quality), ISO 14001 (environment) and OHSAS 18001 (occupational heath and safety) management systems standards; enabling parallel or integrated implementation of security, environmental, health & safety, and quality management system standards.
Specifically the new standard would support business preparation, planning and management in order to:
- Understand the environment within which the organisation operates, the existence of constraints and threats to the company that could result in significant disruption.
- Determine the parts of the organisation and business that are critical to its short and long term success
- Quantify the impact of threats, risks and vulnerabilities on critical operational(business) functions and processes, and identify the infrastructure and resources required to enable the organisation to continue to operate at an acceptable level
- Documents the key resources, infrastructure, tasks and responsibilities required to support critical operational functions
- Establish processes that ensure the information remains current and relevant to the changing risk and operational environment
- Ensure that relevant employees, customers, suppliers and other stakeholders are aware of their preparedness and continuity arrangements and where appropriate have confidence in their application.
All very much common sense activities but surprisingly few companies appear to have formerly developed, catalogued and regularly update their responses in these areas. Accordingly the potential for undertaking such activity within a structured framework that can be audited and certificated can only elevate the status of a security professional within their respective area of operation.
It should also be reflected that the ASIS executive are fully supportive of this work and have already secured the services of Dr Marc Siegel as Security Management System Consultant. An adjunct professor at San Diego University he initiated the concept and spearheaded the effort to develop the Israel National Standard: Security and Continuity Management Systems and is on the ISO/ TC 223 Technical Committee where he was the principal author in the task group that wrote Societal Security: Guidelines for incident preparedness and operational continuity management.
In the UK I have been seconded as ASIS representative on ISO/TC223 British Mirror Committee who will provide input from the UK to ISO/TC223. As this develops I will be seeking input from UK Chapter colleagues to ensure that the views and experiences of end users are captured.
In Europe Roger Warwick together with Stephen Payne will be working with their National bodies and ISO to ensure similar input is collated and provided. We have also secured CEN liaison status on committee CEN/BT/TF167 Security services.
In addition, ASIS will be developing a work space on its web site to facilitate communications for the security standards initiative.
At the same time as the above activity is ongoing the day to day work of BSI and other national standards committees continues. Accordingly input from ASIS members is essential and to this effect volunteers from all ASIS International chapters in all security sectors are requested to sit on national standardisation organisations working parties to provide input to these groups and collate feedback from ASIS Members. Anyone interested in cooperating with any of these organisations should contact me via the ASIS web site or by email at email@example.com
Similarly anyone who feels they have a contribution to make to the ASIS standards initiative should also contact ASIS standards initiative via the on-line workspace on the ASIS web site
Over the coming months I together with Roger, Stephen and Marc will look to provide updates on progress via the web site, this newsletter, Eurodynamics and national seminars.
|Eurowatch: US Pushes EU on Air Passenger Data
Amid efforts to update a controversial EU-US data sharing agreement which expires at the end of July, Washington is continuing to push for rapid access to information on European air passengers as well as longer data storage possibilities and greater flexibility to use the data.
In a charm offensive in the European Parliament on Monday (14 May), US secretary of homeland security Michael Chertoff said his country is not seeking to expand the list of 34 pieces of information, known as passenger name records (PNR).
However, he insisted that sharing EU passenger data between American law enforcement agencies - such as the CIA, the FBI and custom authorities - remains a key demand.
"It is difficult... to abandon a tool which at minimal cost to civic liberty has a tremendous potential to save lives", Mr Chertoff told MEPs, claiming that eleven of the 19 plane hijackers would have been identified on September 11, had such a system been in place.
"We are not collecting this for the idle purpose of having a large database… but to find hidden links", the US homeland security chief concluded.
Under the current deal – to expire in July – Washington collects 34 pieces of data on each EU traveller, including name, address, phone number, form of payment and credit card details. The US customs and border protection agency may share them with other agencies, as long as they apply data protection standards comparable to those of the 27-nation bloc.
EU home affairs commissioner Franco Frattini said he was "confident" the two sides will strike a deal, although admitted several "technicalities" remain to be hammered out.
Negotiations also focus on how long US authorities can store and use the data as well as whether Washington can simply pull data directly from airline computers instead of receiving them based on a formal request.
MEPs, in particular, have tried to resist US demands all along, questioning whether Washington provides necessary privacy protection for European data. In the past, parliamentarians challenged the original transatlantic agreement reached in 2004 at the European Court of Justice.
However, US homeland security chief Michael Chertoff said on Monday non-American passengers' data are treated with "parity" compared to US data.
If an EU-US data sharing deal is not reached on time, Washington has made it clear that airlines - flying across the Atlantic without providing the required information - will face fines of $6,000 per passenger or lose their landing rights.
|Eurowatch: EU States Forge Defence Links on Military Research
EU defence ministers have taken a step towards joint planning on defence expenditure and pooling resources to invest in technologies and military materials. The initiative has been conducted by member states rather than the European Commission with national governments keen to protect their sovereignty in the area.
At a meeting in Brussels on Monday (14 May), the bloc's defence chiefs agreed on a strategy for the future development of Europe's defence industry, pledging more mutual cooperation in both research and production.
Nineteen EU member states plus Norway also signed up to a joint investment scheme aimed to pool resources for developing battlefield protection technologies, such as defences against mortar attacks or chemical, biological and radiological weapons.
Defence is a sensitive sector outside the EU's internal market rules, with some critics suggesting the status quo leads to Europe wasting millions of euros a year on duplication and protectionism.
While the commission is currently contemplating possible ways of introducing more competition in the area through common EU legislation, member states also take initiatives at intergovernmental level, through the European Defence Agency (EDA) which stands outside the community institutions.
Under a non-binding "code of conduct" launched by the EDA last year, participating countries have committed to posting tenders for defence contracts on an electronic bulletin board open to companies from across the EU, with tenders worth almost €10 billion currently posted, according to the defence agency.
At the moment, 23 out of 27 of the EU's member states have signed up to the code of conduct, with Spain, Denmark, Romania and Bulgaria remaining outside the system.
Non-binding or binding rules?
The strategy defence ministers agreed on Monday argues that member states must take urgent action to stop a decline in Europe's "defence technological and industrial base" by opening up protected national defence markets.
Echoing the statements by EU foreign policy chief Javier Solana ahead of the meeting, ministers admitted that the current approach with separate national spending on R&D and procurements in member states strictly opened just to national producers is "no longer economically sustainable."
They singled out the US as a key competitor against which Europe has been performing poorly, suggesting they should work more efficiently and cooperate more in order to improve standards.
"We recognise that the problem of accessing the US defence market and of establishing balanced technology exchange across the Atlantic, make it natural and necessary for Europeans to cooperate more closely," writes the agreed document.
The European Parliament's security and defence subcommittee expressed similar feelings in a special report on the issue published last year, arguing that although EU governments spend €250 billion on defence which is half the amount Americans do, their defence capacities are only about 10 percent as efficient as the US.
The study pointed out that there are 23 parallel programmes for armoured vehicles, three new parallel programmes for combat aircraft and 89 European weapons programmes while the US, by contrast, has 27 programmes.
But while the defence ministers acknowledge the same problems as the EU's executive and parliamentarians in their new strategy, they remain reluctant to give any extra powers to Brussels in this area.
|Eurowatch: EU Needs to Move from 'Post-Soviet Era' Strategic Thinking
The EU remains in post Soviet-era strategic thinking and has yet to adapt itself to the new threats posed by terrorism and radicalised Islamic ideology, according to Portugal's foreign minister.
Giving a preview of his country's priorities when it takes over the rotating EU presidency on 1 July, Luis Amado on Tuesday 15 May at a meeting of NGO Friends of Europe indicated Lisbon will shift the political focus of the bloc towards Euro-Mediterranean and African countries, which he said were the origin of many of these new challenges.
"I think we need to understand that the strategic environment has changed after the 9/11 events," said the minister referring to the terrorist attacks in New York and Washington in 2001.
He added that the bloc is still working in a "post-Soviet era," with much of the focus on Europe's borders to the east.
Instead, said Mr Amado, the EU should find the same "strategic vision and leadership" that it used to keep peace in its eastern neighbourhood after the disintegration of the Soviet empire - which eventually resulted in the EU taking on eight new member states from the region - in a new focus beyond Europe's southern borders.
"This strategic cycle is ending," he said of the bloc's eastern focus noting that extreme poverty and fractured states crippled by organised crime are contributing to an "escalation in resentment" and "growing radicalism" in some African and euro-Mediterranean countries.
Portugal's wish to re-align the EU's approach to an area that affects it geographically is not new for a presidency-in-waiting.
The current German presidency is focused very much on eastern Europe, while the previous Finnish presidency made much of its physical nearness to Russia.
However, Mr Amado denied that the shift in the focus to the south would be a flash-in-the-pan strategy, changing when central-European Slovenia takes over the presidency at the beginning of next year.
While admitting that southern European member states are more "sensitive" to relations with Africa, he suggested that problems emanating from the region will keep Europe busy for years to come.
On top of this, France is likely to push a similar agenda when it takes over the bloc's presidency in the second half of 2008.
Shortly after winning the French presidential elections on 6 May, Nicolas Sarkozy said there should be a "Mediterranean Union" linking Europe and Africa and that the countries involved should have regular summits.
However, several other issues are likely to crowd Portugal's agenda meaning that its southern impetus could get overwhelmed.
It is likely to have to organise an intergovernmental conference on a new treaty for the EU, while the status of the UN-administered province of Kosovo will loom high during Lisbon's time at the EU helm, as will Turkey's uncertain relations with the bloc.
|The New Educational Programs of ASIS Czech Republic
ASIS CR has started a new series of educational programs for security professionals.
The first course is named Business Continuity and Crisis Management took place at an University in Prague. Many security experts from wide spectrum of companies such as Vodafone, Unipetrol, banks and insurance companies attended. The main goal of the course was to introduce the British standard BS 25999-1:2006 and general trends of ASIS Int. for the area of Business Continuity to the participants.
This very successful course will be followed by the courses called Corpeate Security for Top Management and Internal Investigation. For more information please contact the Czech Chapter.
|ASIS Foundation Supports European Civil Protection Project
Williams Management Communication
The European Union has requested the British Red Cross Society (BRCS) to examine how the best use can be made of voluntary organisations in civil protection. Thanks to the support of SRVP Peter French and ASIS Board Members Eduard Emde, the project is being backed by the ASIS Foundation with a grant of $15,000.
Three seminars are taking place in France, Austria and Estonia with delegates from Belgium, Bulgaria, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Lichtenstein, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland and Sweden.
The U.K. seminar was held at the Home Office Emergency Planning College at Easingwold between the 10th and 11th of May with delegates from Cyprus, Denmark, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Malta, and the Netherlands. ASIS member Ray Williams was invited to attend and it was readily apparent from the presentations and workshops that the business community will both contribute to and benefit from the venture.
The project is scheduled for completion in early 2008 and is led by Martin Annis of the BRCS who spoke on ‘The Human Aspects of a Disaster’ at the 2006 ASIS European Conference in Nice.
| US May impose Visa-equivalent on all EU citizens to Combat "Homegrown Terror"
The US may impose visas on all EU citizens in a move to improve the screening of airline passengers for potential terrorists.
The plan, part of a law going through Congress, would involve Europeans sending personal details to the US authorities via the internet ahead of their travel.
The European Commission and member states are expected to oppose the move, which will be seen as putting restrictions on millions of European business travellers and tourists who visit the US every year.
Fifteen EU states are currently part of a ‘visa-waiver programme’ which exempts their citizens from requiring a visa to enter the US for business, pleasure or transit. The remaining EU states – Greece plus 11 of the 12 newest member states (all except Slovenia) – have been campaigning to be allowed to join the programme.
According to the European Voice, an EU official said that the US proposal would “essentially be imposing a visa requirement where one doesn’t exist at the moment”. “You have many people travelling to the US every year not all of whom have internet access. There are also the implications for business people who often travel at the last minute,” the official added.
Sarah Ludford, a British Liberal MEP, said: “It’s bringing in visas by the back-door. They’re upping the demands all the time…they are going to make it so bureaucratic and you are going to lose the benefits of a visa-waiver.”
The Commission is monitoring the bill in Congress but a spokesman refused to comment until “the final outcome of the text”.
One possible response would be to impose reciprocal visa requirements on US citizens entering the EU. Greek Socialist MEP Stavros Lambrinidis said: “If the US changes the visa system there is no question the Commission will have to examine the consequences at the European level. If a third country changes its visa requirements for European citizens then the Commission would have to change the requirements for that third country.”
The US is understood to have discussed with the UK Home Secretary John Reid the threat from “home-grown terrorists” travelling to the US from Europe, taking advantage of the visa-waiver scheme. The State Department said that residents of a visa-waiver country could still be denied access to the US.
For the last four years the US has required European airlines to send over personal information on passengers. Last year the US required people travelling on the visa-waiver scheme to have passports with biometric information. The Bush administration supports the increased restrictions, arguing that it would raise the level of security for all EU countries while adding flexibility.
At the European Parliament on Monday (14 May), Michael Chertoff, the US secretary of homeland security, said: “As part of adding flexibility to the visa-waiver programme which would make it easier for some of the states in eastern Europe, who have been waiting to join the programme, we would generally elevate the level of security for all countries by having something called electronic travel authorisation which would be an online submission of data – the kind of information you have in your passport, something similar to that – in advance.”
If the proposal is kept in the final draft of the bill, people wishing to travel to the US would have to await clearance, so prompting concerns over obstacles for European citizens.
Chertoff, whose visit was intended to calm MEPs’ concerns about data privacy, said the proposed system would be similar to the one used by Australia in which the passport details are automatically checked against watch lists. “It gives us more time to analyse whether we have a problem with people coming in and it minimises the problem we sometimes have when people take a six-hour trip across the Atlantic and they turn up and then we say ‘sorry you have to go home again’,” Chertoff said.
Source: European Voice
|Eurowatch: Security among Portuguese EU-Presidency Priorities
The Portuguese presidency will mainly focus on the political agenda and attempting to resolve the institutional impasse, as well as the external agenda, promoting competitiveness, security and improving relations with third countries.
The four main items on the agenda are:
- A new Treaty: Stepping up efforts to solve the political impasse by 2009.
- Lisbon Agenda: Facing the challenge of global competition without losing ground.
- Security, Freedom and Justice: Adapting to new security threats after 9/11.
- External Relations: Strengthening the EU’s role on the international stage.
With view to the road map, which the German Presidency is to set out at the European Summit on 21-22 June, Amado urged: "This is a critical moment of negotiations. We need a new Treaty and we need it fast."
He added that the Constitutional Treaty should serve as a basis for institutional reform, but also added that "it would be a mistake to ignore the political reality" that the Constitution was rejected by France and the Netherlands in 2005.
"The pressure from the external agenda is high," the foreign minister said. His presidency will also focus especially on EU-US relations, neighbourhood policy and third country relations. Amado stated that it was "time to renew transatlantic relations".
With the German Presidency having put their emphasis on the EU's neighbours on the eastern borders, the Portuguese will focus on Euro-Mediterranean relations, the foreign minister explained. These efforts are bound to be backed by newly elected French President Nicolas Sarkozy, who put forward a proposal for a "Mediterranean Union", a strategic economic bloc that brings together European, Middle Eastern and North African countries.
Finally, Amado said the EU "needs to assume leadership in global issues", such as climate change and energy, but also disarmament and non-proliferation and poverty reduction. The Portuguese Presidency seeks to engage in a strategic dialogue with the major powers, with summits planned with Russia, China, India, Brazil, Ukraine and the African Union.
Council: Programme of the German, Portuguese and Slovenian Presidencies: (21 December 2006)
Portuguese Presidency Calendar (March 2007)