Security Glossary - O

This glossary has been created to assist security professionals in defining security terms commonly used by the profession and the industry, worldwide. It is a developing list that will be maintained, and where appropriate, modified, and changed over time. Terms borrowed from related fields, such as engineering, investigations, safety, etc. will be included when deemed necessary for the security professional.

REFERENCE NOTE

The definition's source is cited in brackets [ ] following the definition. View the key to all cited reference sources.

It is NOT our goal to publish this glossary in print since it is intended to be a current online reference (on the ASIS website) to serve the security professional on an ongoing basis.

 
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Definition
objective

​overall goal, consistent with the policy that an organization sets itself to achieve.
[ASIS SPC.1-2009]  [ANSI/ASIS PAP.1-2012]

opportunity analysis

​Process of identifying uncertainties that may be exploited and analyzing the organization’s capability and readiness to exploit them. The process may include identifying unmet or underserved customer/client needs, identifying target markets, analyzing competitive advantages, as well as analyzing the organization’s resource capacity to undertake an opportunity.
[ANSI/ASIS/RIMS RA.1-2015]

organization

​A group of people and facilities with an arrangement of responsibilities, authorities, and relationships.  [ISO 9000:2005]
Note 1: An organization can be a government or public entity, company, corporation, firm, enterprise, institution, charity, sole trade or association, or parts or combinations thereof.
[ASIS SPC.1-2009]  [ANSI/ASIS PAP.1-2012]  [ANSI/ASIS PSC.1-2012]
Note 1: An organization can be a government or public entity, company, corporation, firm, enterprise, institution, charity, sole trader, association, or parts or combinations thereof.
[ANSI/ASIS/RIMS RA.1-2015]
Note 2: In ANSI/ASIS PSC.4-2013, the organization refers to the private maritime security company (PMSC).
[ANSI/ASIS PSC.4-2013]

organizational investigations

​Investigations performed at the direction of the organization, for the organization. Usually involves the investigation of crimes and offences committed against the organization and/or as a method of establishing the facts and organizational due diligence relating to potential regulatory action.
Note:  Differs from workplace investigations in that the subject of the investigation may not be an employee or former employee of the organization.
[ANSI/ASIS INV.1-2015]

organizational resilience (OR) management program

(1) An ongoing management and governance process supported by top management; resourced to ensure that the necessary steps are taken to identify the impact of potential losses; maintain viable recovery strategies and plans; and ensure continuity of functions/products/services through exercising, rehearsal, testing, training, maintenance, and assurance.
[ASIS SPC.1-2009]
(2) Ongoing management and governance process supported by top management resourced to ensure that the necessary steps are taken to: identify the root causes of potential disruptions; the likelihood and impact of potential losses; maintain viable adaptive, proactive, and reactive strategies and plans; and ensure stability and sustainability of activities/functions/products/services through planning, exercising, rehearsal, testing, training, maintenance, and assurance.
[ANSI/ASIS PAP.1-2012]  [ANSI/ASIS SPC.4-2012]

organizational resilience management (ORM)

​Systematic and coordinated activities and practices through which an organization manages its operational risks, and the associated potential threats and impacts therein.
[ASIS SPC.1-2009]  [ANSI/ASIS PAP.1-2012]  [ANSI/ASIS SPC.4-2012]

original source

​Anything that specifies the origin of a fact or piece of information and is not obtained, formed, or developed from another authority.
[ASIS GDL PBSS-2015]​