Security Glossary - F

This glossary has been created to assist security professionals in defining security terms commonly used by the profession and the industry, worldwide. It is a developing list that will be maintained, and where appropriate, modified, and changed over time. Terms borrowed from related fields, such as engineering, investigations, safety, etc. will be included when deemed necessary for the security professional.


The definition's source is cited in brackets [ ] following the definition. View the key to all cited reference sources.

It is NOT our goal to publish this glossary in print since it is intended to be a current online reference (on the ASIS website) to serve the security professional on an ongoing basis.

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facility (infrastructure)

​(1) Plant, machinery, equipment, property, buildings, vehicles, information systems, transportation facilities, and other items of infrastructure or plant and related systems that have a distinct and quantifiable function or service.
[ASIS SPC.1-2009]  [ANSI/ASIS PAP.1-2012]
(2) One or more buildings or structures which serve a particular purpose, are related by function and location, and form an operating entity. 

fact pattern

​The collection of known facts associated with or directly related to the matter in question.
[ANSI/ASIS INV.1-2015]

Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act (FACTA)

​The Fair and Accurate Credit Transaction Act of 2003, Pub. L. 108-159, 111 Stat. 1952 (FACTA), added new sections to the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 U.S.C. 1681 et seq., (FCRA) intended primarily to help consumers fight the growing crime of identity theft. Accuracy, privacy, limits on information sharing, and new consumer rights to disclosure are included in FACTA.   

Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA)

​The FCRA (15 U.S.C. 1681 et seq.) established specific requirements and rules that apply when an employer uses a third party, such as a background screening firm, to help conduct a preemployment background screen and generate a consumer report for the employer. The FCRA addresses the rights and obligations of four groups: 1) consumer reporting agencies; 2) users of consumer information; 3) furnishers of consumer information; and 4) consumers. The FCRA does not pertain only to credit reports but to the entire consumer report.    

false imprisonment

​The criminal or civil offense of improper arrest or detainment with confinement, of a person without proper warrant or authority for that purpose by force, intimidation or coercion.
[ANSI/ASIS INV.1-2015]

Federal Investigative Standards (FIS)

​National standards established governing security and suitability investigations of all individuals working for or on behalf of the executive branch of the federal Government or who seek to perform work for or on behalf of the executive branch and individuals with access to federally controlled facilities and information systems. 


​A serious crime typically punishable by imprisonment for more than one year or by death. Examples include burglary, arson, rape, and murder.

financial and physical assets

​(1) Includes such things as facilities, equipment, inventory, and on-hand cash.
[ASIS CSO.1-2008]
(2) Includes such things as facilities, equipment, technology, software, inventory, land, transportation vehicles, investments, financial accounts & instruments and on-hand cash.
[ANSI/ASIS CSO.1-2013]


​Any portable barreled weapon from which a projectile can be discharged by an explosion from the confined burning of a propellant.

  • Note: All references to firearms include the associated ammunition, consumables, spare parts, and maintenance equipment for their use.

[ANSI/ASIS PSC.4-2013]


A combination of hardware and software that filters computer network traffic from and to the Internet based upon network access control parameters. A firewall can mask internal network information as well as stop exploratory probes and denial of service attacks. 
[ASIS GDL TASR 04 2008]

first responder

​A member of an emergency service who is first on the scene at a disruptive incident.
Note: Emergency services include any public or private service that deals with disruptions, such as the initial responding law enforcement officers, other public safety officials, emergency medical personnel, rescuers and/or other emergency response service providers.
[ASIS/BSI BCM.01-2010]

first responders

​A generic term to describe the members of an organization’s medical Emergency Response Team or those individuals, such as fire, police, emergency medical service providers, and other law enforcement personnel, whose duty is to be the first people at the scene of a critical incident.
[ASIS GDL TASR 04 2008]

fitness for duty examination

​Distinct from a violence risk assessment. A process at times imposed by an employer when an employee exhibits behavior that does not generate a concern for safety from violence but that impedes job functioning and could be related to a physical, mental, or emotional disorder.  The process is conducted by a licensed mental health professional specifically trained and qualified to evaluate the impact of clinical conditions on job-related functioning and to assess whether the employee is fit to perform the essential functions of his or her job, with or without a reasonable accommodation by the employer.

foreign person

​Any natural person who is not a lawful permanent resident as defined by 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(20) or who is not a protected individual as defined by 8 U.S.C. 134b(a)(3).  It also means any foreign corporation, business association, partnership, trust, society or any other entity or group that is not incorporated or organized to do business in the United States, as well as international organizations, foreign governments and any agency or subdivision of foreign governments (e.g., diplomatic missions). 


​Theft by deceit and deception.
[ANSI/ASIS INV.1-2015]


​Furnisher means an entity that furnishes information relating to consumers to one or more consumer reporting agencies for inclusion in a consumer report. An entity is not a furnisher when it:(1) Provides information to a consumer reporting agency solely to obtain a consumer report in accordance with sections 604(a) and (f) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act;
(2) Is acting as a “consumer reporting agency” as defined in section 603(f) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act;
(3) Is a consumer to whom the furnished information pertains; or (4) Is a neighbor, friend, or associate of the consumer, or another individual with whom the consumer is acquainted or who may have knowledge about the consumer, and who provides information about the consumer's character, general reputation, personal characteristics, or mode of living in response to a specific request from a consumer reporting agency. [Code of Federal Regulations: Title 16, Chapter I, Subchapter F, Part 660]​