Security Glossary - E

This glossary has been created to assist security professionals in defining security terms commonly used by the profession and the industry, worldwide. It is a developing list that will be maintained, and where appropriate, modified, and changed over time. Terms borrowed from related fields, such as engineering, investigations, safety, etc. will be included when deemed necessary for the security professional.

REFERENCE NOTE

The definition's source is cited in brackets [ ] following the definition. View the key to all cited reference sources.

It is NOT our goal to publish this glossary in print since it is intended to be a current online reference (on the ASIS website) to serve the security professional on an ongoing basis.

 
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Definition
effectiveness

(1) ​Extent to which planned activities are realized and planned results achieved.
[ANSI/ASIS PSC.1-2012]

(2) Extent to which planned activities accomplish a purpose thereby producing the intended or expected outcomes.
[ANSI/ASIS/RIMS RA.1-2015]

electronic medium based training

Any training that uses an electronic technology as a method of effectively conveying instruction and/or information. Electronic technology includes but is not limited to video, DVD, CD, audio files, and video conferencing.
[ASIS GDL PSO-2010]

electronic surveillance

​Any form of surveillance which uses electronic technology.
[ANSI/ASIS INV.1-2015]

embezzlement

​The unlawful appropriation of property or assets of another of which one has been entrusted.
[ANSI/ASIS INV.1-2015]

emergency

(1) ​A sudden, urgent, usually unexpected occurrence or event requiring immediate action.
Note: An emergency is usually a disruptive event or condition that can often be anticipated or prepared for, but seldom exactly foreseen.
[ASIS SPC.1-2009]
(2) An unforeseen incident or event that happens unexpectedly and demands immediate action and intervention to minimize potential losses to people, property, or profitability.
[ASIS GDL BC 01 2005]

emergency response team

​The private sector response team at the scene to resolve the critical incident.
[ASIS GDL TASR 04 2008]

Employee Assistance Program (EAP)

​An employee benefit involving mental health counseling offered by some employers, typically in conjunction with a health insurance plan.  EAPs are intended to help employees deal with personal problems that might adversely affect their work performance, health, and well-being.  EAPs generally provide short-term counseling and referral services for employees and their household members.  As a general matter, communications are confidential as between the employee and EAP, with two exceptions: (i) mental health providers have a “duty to warn” if the employee poses a credible risk of violence; or (ii) the employee authorizes the release of clinical information.
[ASIS/SHRM WVPI.1-2011]

employment verification

​The process of contacting an applicant’s past employers to confirm items such as dates of employment, title, salary, and eligibility for rehire.   
[ASIS GDL PBS-2009]

entrapment

​Actions which might induce an otherwise honest citizen to commit a crime that without the inducement would not have committed. Entrapment is a criminal defense and is not a crime. In order to use entrapment as a defense, the accused must first admit they committed the offense.
Note:  Legality is based on jurisdictional laws.
[ANSI/ASIS INV.1-2015]

ethics

​A collection of “accepted principles that govern” a particular group or profession.
[ANSI/ASIS INV.1-2015]

evacuation

​Organized, phased, and supervised dispersal of people from dangerous or potentially dangerous areas.
[ASIS GDL BC 01 2005]  [ANSI/ASIS PAP.1-2012]

evaluation and maintenance

​Process by which a business continuity plan is reviewed in accordance with a predetermined schedule and modified in light of such factors as new legal or regulatory requirements, changes to external environments, technological changes, test/exercise results, personnel changes, etc.
[ASIS GDL BC 01 2005]

event

​(1) Occurrence or change of a particular set of circumstances. [ISO/IEC Guide 73]

  • Note 1: Nature, likelihood, and consequence of an event cannot be fully knowable.
  • Note 2: An event can be one or more occurrences, and can have several causes.
  • Note 3: Likelihood associated with the event can be determined.
  • Note 4: An event can consist of a non-occurrence of one or more circumstances.
  • Note 5: An event with a consequence is sometimes referred to as an incident

[ASIS SPC.1-2009]  [ANSI/ASIS PAP.1-2012] [ANSI/ASIS SPC.4-2012]  [ANSI/ASIS PSC.1-2012] [ANSI/ASIS PSC.3-2013] [ANSI/ASIS PSC.4-2013]

(2) A noteworthy happening; typically, a security incident, alarm, medical emergency, or similar occurrence. 
[ASIS GDL FPSM-2009]

(3) Change occurring in an interval of time with the potential to alter outcomes.
Note 1:  Likelihood and consequences of an event may be predictable using qualitative or quantitative measures.
Note 2:  An event may be due to singular or multiple causes and may have more than one occurrence.
Note 3:  The non-occurrence of an anticipated change is also an event.
Note 4: An event is not a risk, rather it is the uncertainty in the outcomes that creates risk.
[ANSI/ASIS/RIMS RA.1-2015]

events

​Something that happens; a Noteworthy happening. In the security context, this usually represents an occurrence such as a security incident, alarm, medical emergency, or related episode or experience.
[ASIS GDL GLCO 01 012003]

evidence

​Evidence is any type of proof that when presented, is materially capable of proving or disproving a contention or fact. In order to be used or admissible, the evidence must be material to the matter in question.
[ANSI/ASIS INV.1-2015]

exercise

(1) ​Planned rehearsal of a possible incident designed to evaluate an organization’s capability to manage that incident and to provide an opportunity to improve the organization’s future responses and enhance the relevant competences of those involved.
[ASIS/BSI BCM.01-2010]
(2) An activity performed for the purpose of training and conditioning team members and personnel in appropriate crisis responses with the goal of achieving maximum performance. 
[ASIS GDL BC 01 2005]

exercises

(1) Evaluating quality assurance management programs, rehearsing the roles of team members and staff, and testing the organization’s systems (e.g., technology, reporting protocols, administration) to demonstrate quality assurance management, competence, and capability.
Note 1:  Exercises include activities performed for the purpose of training and conditioning persons working on behalf of the organization in appropriate responses with the goal of achieving maximum performance.
[ANSI/ASIS PSC.1-2012]
​(2) Evaluating organizational resilience (OR) management programs, rehearsing the roles of team members and staff, and testing the recovery or continuity of an organization’s systems (e.g., technology, telephony, administration) to demonstrate OR management competence and capability.
Note 1: Exercises include activities performed for the purpose of training and conditioning team members and personnel in appropriate responses with the goal of achieving maximum performance.
Note 2: An exercise can involve invoking response and operational continuity procedures, but is more likely to involve the simulation of an response and/or operational continuity incident, announced or unannounced, in which participants role-play in order to assess what issues might arise, prior to a real invocation.
[ASIS SPC.1-2009]
(3) Evaluating PAP management programs, rehearsing the roles of team members and staff, and testing the recovery or continuity of an organization’s systems (e.g., technology, telephony, administration) to demonstrate PAP management competence and capability.
Note 1: Exercises include activities performed for the purpose of training and conditioning team members and personnel in appropriate responses with the goal of achieving maximum performance.
Note 2: An exercise can involve invoking response and operational continuity procedures but is more likely to involve the simulation of a response and/or operational continuity incident, announced or unannounced, in which participants role-play in order to assess what issues might arise prior to a real invocation.
[ANSI/ASIS PAP.1-2012]

expatriate employee

​Person engaged in services for wages or salary by an organization and physically located in a country that is not his/her native country. 
[ASIS GDL TASR 04 2008]

Export Administration Regulations (EAR)

​Regulations set forth in parts 730-774, inclusive, of Title 15 of the Code of Federal Regulations.  The Export Administration Act is currently expired and is generally implemented through the International Economic Emergency Powers Act (IEEPA).  It implements the Export Administration Regulations which cover the export of commercial or “dual-use” commodities and related technology (technical data or technical assistance).  The EAR is administered by the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Security and Industry (BIS).
[ASIS GDL PBSS-2015]​

external context

​External environment in which the organization seeks to achieve its objectives.
Note: External context can include:
• The cultural, social, political, legal, regulatory, financial, technological, economic, natural, and competitive environment whether international, national, regional, or local;
• Key drivers and trends having impact on the objectives of the organization; and
• Relationships with, and perceptions and values of, external stakeholders.
[ANSI/ASIS PAP.1-2012]

externally facing websites

​Web sites that permit access to an organization’s web site from locations outside of the organization.
[ASIS GDL TASR 04 2008]