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Contraband markets—everything from computer components and cigarettes to electronic products and fashion apparel—are expanding around the world. These markets are demand driven. They can't develop unless there is enough demand and it's sufficiently lucrative to meet it. Cargo crime, smuggling, counterfeiting, and product piracy are the primary means of supplying contraband markets. These criminal activities are attractive to organized crime groups because they combine high profit margins with lower risks than alternatives like drug trafficking. Worldwide cargo crimes account for estimated direct merchandise losses of as much as $50 billion a year. This study, underwritten by Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation, and authored by one of the world-leading experts in fraud, money laundering, and contraband issues, is an in-depth and detailed study of cargo contraband issues. In addition to information gathered from relevant reports, in-depth and lengthy interviews were conducted with police, FBI agents, corporate security directors, carriers, insurance companies representatives, and many others. This study is a must read for anyone who wants to understand cargo crime issues and how the worldwide economy is impacted by the expansion of contraband markets.